United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service
Highlights from Operations with Sales of $10,000 or More
Value of All Production: The 2014 wholesale value of floriculture crops is down 4 percent from the 2013 valuation. The total crop value at wholesale for the 15-State program for all growers with $10,000 or more in sales is estimated at $4.07 billion for 2014, compared with $4.25 billion for 2013. California continues to be the leading State with crops valued at $1.05 billion. Florida, the next largest producer, is slightly up from the prior year to $890 million in wholesale value. These two States account for 44 percent of the 15-State total value. For 2014, the top 5 States are California, Florida, Michigan, North Carolina and Texas, which account for $2.78 billion, or 63 percent, of the 15-State total value.
Number of Producers: The number of producers for 2014, at 4,849, is down 21 percent in the 15 States compared with the 2013 count of 6,115.
Area Used for Production: In the 15-State program, total covered area for floriculture crop production was 733 million square feet, down slightly from the 2013 area of 735 million square feet.
Peak Hired Workers: The average peak number of hired workers employed on operations in the 15-State program in 2014 is 22. A total of 3,761 operations hired workers during 2014. Overall, 78 percent of operations used some hired labor during 2014, an increase from 2013.
Number of Producers and Operations with Hired Workers by Size – 15 Program States: 2013 and 2014 [Operations with $10,000+ sales]
Highlights from Operations with Sales of $100,000 or More
Total Wholesale Value: The total wholesale value of floriculture crops sold by operations with $100,000 or more of sales in the 15-State program is $3.98 billion for 2014, down 4 percent from the 2013 total. These operations account for 97 percent of the total value of $4.07 billion in floriculture crops, but comprise only 52 percent of all producers. California accounts for 26 percent of the total wholesale value in the 15-States. Florida ranks second with 22 percent; while Michigan ranks third with 10 percent, and North Carolina and Texas round out the top 5 each accounting for 6 and 5 percent respectively.
Number of Producers: The number of producers with sales of $100,000 or more totaled 2,510 for 2014, down 5 percent from 2,632 in 2013.
Bedding/Garden Plants: The wholesale value of all bedding and garden plants, which include herbaceous perennials, at $1.82 billion, are down from the previous year. This plant category is the largest contributor to total value of sales and represents 46 percent of the wholesale value of all the reported crops. California, Michigan, North Carolina, Texas and Florida, the top 5 States in this category, account for 55 percent of the 15-State total bedding and garden value.
Annual Bedding and Garden Plants: The wholesale value sales for annual bedding and garden plants totaled $1.26 billion in 2014, down 2 percent from 2013. This value represents 69 percent of the total bedding and garden category.
Potted Herbaceous Perennials: Total wholesale value of potted herbaceous perennials totaled $562 million in 2014, down 7 percent from 2013. These crops account for 31 percent of the total bedding and garden category.
Potted Flowering Plants: Potted flowering plants for indoor or patio uses are valued at $788 million, up 2 percent from 2013. California accounts for 37 percent of the 15-State value in this category, and Florida accounts for 24percent. The value of Potted Poinsettias totaled $141 million, down 2 percent from the previous year. The value of Potted African Violets totaled $3.86 million, up 1 percent from previous year.
Foliage Plants: The value of 2014 foliage plant sales, at $599 million, is down 2 percent from the previous year. Florida continues to dominate this category with 67 percent of the total value. Potted Foliage Plants represent 90percent of the total foliage value. The remainder of the value is from hanging baskets.
Cut Flowers: The wholesale value of domestically produced cut flowers is $354 million for 2014, down 3 percent from 2013. California’s value is $116 million, accounting for 28 percent of the total cut flower value in the 15-State program.
Cut Cultivated Greens: Cut cultivated greens wholesale value for 2014, at $72.0 million, is down 5 percent from 2013. Florida’s value, at $58.7 million, represents 76 percent of the category total.
Propagative Floriculture Materials: Total value of sales of material for propagating annual bedding and garden plants, potted herbaceous perennials, potted flowering plants, foliage plants, cut flowers, and cut cultivated greens is $341 million for 2014, down 14 percent from the previous year.
Number of Producers by Plant Category – 15 Program States: 2013 and 2014 [Operations with $100,000+ sales. Sum of producers by type of crop grown may exceed reported total number of producers because of operations producing more than one type of plant]