(HARRISBURG, PA) ― Nationally, maple syrup production in 2014 totaled 3.17 million gallons, down 10 percent from 2013. In 2014, cold temperatures decreased season length. The number of taps is estimated at 11.4 million, down slightly from the 2013 total. Yield per tap is estimated to be 0.279 gallons, down 10 percent from the previous season’s yield.
All States with the exception of Pennsylvania showed a decrease in production from the previous year. Cold temperatures contributed to a shorter season of sap flow than last year. The latest sap flow reported to open the season was March 8 in Wisconsin. On average, the season lasted 29 days, compared with 37 days in 2013.
The 2013 U.S. average price per gallon was $37.40, down $1.70 from the 2012 price of $39.10. The U.S. value of production, at $132 million for 2013, was up 77 percent from the previous season.
The Northeastern Region’s (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania and Vermont) maple syrup production in 2014 totaled 2.75 million gallons, down 7 percent from 2013’s production of 2.96 million gallons. Vermont remained the top Maple State in the Northeastern Region and the Nation, producing 48.1 percent of the United States’ maple syrup. Taps in Northeastern Region totaled 9.77 million, up 1 percent from last year and accounted for 86 percent of the Nation’s maple taps.
The 2014 maple syrup season in the Northeastern Region was considered mostly cold. The shorter 2014 maple syrup season offered several instances of freezes and overabundance of snow during February and March. The delayed start of the season resulted in decreased maple syrup production in the Northeastern Region. A very few number of operations reported that the weather was too warm but that may be related to the late collection of sap. Producers that have been affected the most by the weather patterns of 2014 reported their sap not flowing at all. The season started and ended later for every state in the region for the maple syrup producers compared to last year. The average season lasted over one week shorter in the Northeastern Region than it lasted in 2013. In short, the decrease in production from 2013 is primarily explained by highly favorable weather conditions experienced last year. Nevertheless, despite the challenges faced in 2014, there was still a strong quantity of maple syrup produced this year with Pennsylvania producing a record high 146,000 gallons of syrup.